Orthopedic cases in companion animals are an integral part of the daily veterinary routine and in most instances, the suffering animals show symptoms immediately.
Accurate diagnosis and treatment of orthopedic conditions requires vast knowledge and experience in this field, as well as suitable equipment and personnel.
Plakentia Veterinary Clinic is equipped with a state-of-the-art digital radiography system for taking and digitally processing X-rays, as well as the latest technology for arthroscopies. If more specialized imaging is required (e.g. CT or MRI scan), the Clinic works with a dedicated veterinary imaging center.
Orthopedic surgery is performed in a specially equipped operating room, which is under positive air pressure to prevent the spread of infections and is only used for orthopedic cases.
The sick animals may be hospitalized for as long as necessary after surgery so that they may receive proper postoperative treatment by our experienced nursing staff.
Arthroscopy is a procedure whereby the veterinary orthopedic specialist is able to perform an internal examination of a joint with the help of a small-diameter camera and suitable equipment. It is a useful and effective technique for diagnosing and treating medical conditions of the joints in cats and dogs. Arthroscopy is used for the detailed examination of joints (articular cartilage and intra-articular anatomical structures) through high-definition imaging. It can practically be used in all the large joints of small animals. Arthroscopy is most frequently performed in the elbow, shoulder and knee joints and less often in the hip and wrist joints.
As an indication, arthroscopy is mainly performed in the following cases:
- Diagnosis and treatment of osteochondrosis in the shoulder, elbow, knee and tarsal joint
- Diagnosis and treatment of various types of elbow dysplasias
- Diagnosis and surgical treatment of intra-articular conditions in the knee (anterior cruciate ligament tear and meniscus tear)
- Septic arthritis
- Assistance in the osteosynthesis of intra-articular fractures
Arthroscopy is superior to traditional open surgery mainly due to:
- Low morbidity (minimal postoperative complications) due to its minimally invasive nature
- Minimal postoperative scar tissue
- Detailed examination of the joint due to the magnified imaging of the articular surface and its structures
- Investigation of hard-to-reach areas within the joint
- Faster recovery and use of the affected limb
- Reduced anesthesia and surgical time
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure (keyhole surgery), which ensures the best possible aesthetic result (only three small incisions).
In the last decade, there have been rapid developments in the field of arthroscopy, making it an integral tool for joint surgery in small animals.